Where is That? A First Time Visitor’s Guide to Colorado and Its Regions

woman hiking carrying backpack

While we may associate Colorado mainly with its Rocky Mountains or ski slopes, this diverse state offers varied landscapes and regions for exploration. From the towering peaks of the Rocky Mountains to the expansive canyons and plains, Colorado boasts diverse landscapes, offering a plethora of outdoor and cultural opportunities.

As a first-time visitor, navigating Colorado’s regions can be both exciting and a bit overwhelming. Here, we’ll break down the distinct regions of Colorado, including the Front Range, High Country, Central Colorado, and the Western Slope. 

Colorado mountains and greenery

Front Range 

Colorado’s Front Range is a stunning and dynamic region that extends along the eastern edge of the Rocky Mountains and encompasses cities such as Denver, Boulder, and Fort Collins.

Characterized by a dramatic juxtaposition of towering peaks against the sprawling plains, the Front Range hosts vibrant urban centers, with museums, culinary opportunities, and iconic landmarks. 

The region’s unique blend of natural beauty, cultural vibrancy, and outdoor adventure makes it a quintessential Colorado destination and a perfect starting point for your Colorado road trip before heading into the mountains or other regions.

bluebird theatre denver


Your Colorado journey often begins in Denver, the state’s capital and a vibrant hub known for its cultural attractions, diverse culinary scene, and outdoor activities. Don’t miss the iconic Red Rocks Park and Amphitheatre, a natural amphitheater nestled between colossal red rock formations, offering breathtaking views and hosting world-class concerts. 

red rocks park and ampitheatre


Heading northwest, Boulder is a mecca for outdoor enthusiasts and home to the University of Colorado. Explore the Flatirons, distinctive rock formations perfect for hiking and rock climbing, or stroll down Pearl Street Mall, a lively pedestrian area with shops, restaurants, and street performers. 

the Boulder flatirons

Rocky Mountain National Park

 Venture northwest to Rocky Mountain National Park, a natural masterpiece where the Front Range meets the Rockies. Trail Ridge Road, the highest continuous paved road in the U.S., offers stunning panoramic views of alpine meadows, towering peaks, and abundant wildlife. Explore hiking trails, and keep an eye out for elk and bighorn sheep. 

Rocky mountains in fall

Fort Collins 

Further north, Fort Collins blends college-town charm with a thriving craft beer scene. Take a brewery tour or bike along the Cache la Poudre River. The historic Old Town Fort Collins also boasts unique shops, restaurants, and a lively atmosphere. 

High Country 

As you venture into the heart of Colorado, you’ll encounter the term “High Country.” This refers to the high altitude regions of the Rocky Mountains, characterized by alpine meadows, pristine lakes, and towering peaks.

The air is thinner here, and the landscapes represent a haven for outdoor enthusiasts seeking adventure, with a plethora of opportunities for skiing, snowboarding, hiking, biking, and more.

people walking with skis amidst snowy mountains


Vail is home to the world-renowned Vail ski resort, hosting opportunities for beginners through advanced skiers and riders to shred some of Colorado’s best powder amidst Vail’s European style village.

In the summer, visitors can enjoy hiking and mountain biking trails, with the Betty Ford Alpine Gardens and the Gerald R. Ford Amphitheater offering a touch of cultural enrichment. 


Known for its glitz and glamour, Aspen is a year-round destination. In winter, Aspen Snowmass draws visitors for premier skiing and riding, and in summer, the Maroon Bells, two of the most photographed peaks in North America, attract tourists and locals alike.

The town itself exudes sophistication, with upscale shopping, dining, and cultural events. 

the maroon bells


In the heart of the Rocky Mountains, Breckenridge is a charming mountain town renowned for its history and skiing. Boasting a Main Street lined with colorful Victorian-era buildings and a vibrant arts district, Breckenridge seamlessly blends its mining-town heritage with recreation and cultural opportunities.

In winter, the town transforms into a snowy paradise with access to the expansive Breckenridge Ski Resort, while the summer months beckon outdoor enthusiasts with hiking, mountain biking, and camping.

Central Colorado 

Central Colorado is a dynamic and diverse region nestled within the heart of the state. This area blends outdoor adventure, cultural richness, and historical significance and is characterized by  majestic mountain ranges, including the Sawatch Range and the Collegiate Peaks. These towering mountains contribute to the region’s alpine character and offer a playground for outdoor enthusiasts. 

Colorado Springs

Heading south, Colorado Springs serves as a gateway to the southern Rockies. Visit the Garden of the Gods, a stunning red rock formation, and ascend Pikes Peak on the scenic Pikes Peak Highway or the historic Cog Railway. 

Pike's peak colorado


 For a taste of history and altitude in Central Colorado, visit Leadville, the highest incorporated city in the U.S. Explore the National Mining Hall of Fame and Museum, and take a scenic train ride on the Leadville Railroad. 

Buena Vista and Salida

Nestled in the Arkansas River Valley, Buena Vista and Salida are renowned for outdoor activities. Experience white-water rafting, hot springs, and hiking in the Collegiate Peaks Mountains. Both towns exude a laid-back charm, with historic districts and vibrant arts scenes. 

whitewater rafting ColoradoWestern Slope

Colorado’s Western Slope refers to the western part of the state, separated by the Continental Divide, running along the crest of the Rocky Mountains.

This region is characterized by diverse landscapes, including high plateaus, mesas, river valleys, and expansive canyons. Unlike the more populous and urbanized Front Range on the eastern side of the state, the Western Slope has a distinct and often more rural character. 

Colorado National Monument

While the Western Slope includes portions of the Rocky Mountains, it is also known for its vast mesas and plateaus. The region is marked by a mix of high-altitude terrain and lower elevation areas.

Major rivers, such as the Colorado River, carve through the Western Slope, creating breathtaking canyons and fertile river valleys. Notable canyons include the Glenwood Canyon and the Black Canyon of the Gunnison. 

Grand Junction

On the Western Slope, Grand Junction serves as the gateway to the stunning red rock canyons of Colorado. Visit the Colorado National Monument for breathtaking views of sculpted canyons and towering monoliths. 

Mesa Verde National Park 

Travel south to Mesa Verde National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site showcasing ancient Puebloan cliff dwellings. Explore the well-preserved archaeological sites and gain insights into the region’s rich history. 

mesa verde national park


Palisade, located in the heart of Colorado wine country, is famous for its peaches, vineyards, and orchards. Take a scenic drive along the Fruit and Wine Byway, stopping at wineries and enjoying the region’s agricultural bounty. 

a child eating a palisade peach

As you explore the diverse regions of Colorado, you’ll encounter a state of endless  opportunity. From the dynamic urban energy of Denver to the majestic peaks of the High Country, the cultural richness of Central Colorado, and the red rock wonders of the Western Slope, Colorado offers a tapestry of landscapes and experiences.

Exploring the best of Colorado’s unique regions has never been easier than with a MileMarker Van Rental. Book your vehicle today, and drive into the mountains, canyons, or to your favorite ski resort. 

Related posts

Camping in Rocky Mountain National Park

Summer’s Best Weekend Getaways from Denver

Whether you’ve already explored Denver’s best summer spots, or are flying into the area for a weekend or…

Read More

man standing on van outside of Colorado National Monument

A Guide to Exploring Colorado’s Western Slope

The Western Slope is a region of Colorado filled with untapped beauty and unparalleled adventure. This area west…

Read More

winter view from rustic cabin

Your Colorado Winter Adventure Bucket List

Colorado isn’t just magnificent with its summer sunshine and majestic mountain vistas. Winter transforms it into a wonderland of frosted peaks,…

Read More


Compare listings